L-Stance (Niunja Sogi)
One and a half shoulder widths long from the footsword of the rear foot to the toes of the front foot, almost forming a right angle.
- The toes of both feet point 15 degrees inward
- Place the heel of the front foot 2.5cm beyond the heel of the rear foot.
- Always half facing
- 70 percent of the body weight on the rear leg and 30 percent on the front leg
- When the right leg is in the rear it is a right stance, and vice versa
• Bend the rear leg until the knee cap forms a vertical line with the toes, bending the front leg proportionally
Fixed Stance-(Gubruyo Sogi)
- It is 1.5 shoulder widths long, measured from the big toe of the rear foot to the big toe of the front foot (therefore 1 foot width longer than L Stance)
- The weight is distributed evenly on both feet (50/50)
- Both feet are turned inwards by 15 degrees
- The rear leg is bent so that the knee-cap is over the toes of the rear foot.
- The front leg is bent proportionally.
This stance is determined for the rear foot, and is always performed half facing.
Bending Stance (Guburyo Sogi)
Bending stance is a preparatory stance for side and back kicks, and also frequently for defence techniques.
The stationary leg bears all the body weight and is slightly bent.
The other foot is placed at the knee.
When standing on the right leg the stance is called a right bending stance, and vice-versa.
It is performed either full facing or half facing.
It can be either full facing or half facing both in attack and defence
Rear Foot Stance (Dwitbal Sogi)
This stance is one shoulder width long from the footsword of the back foot to the big toe of front foot
Most of the weight is on the rear foot
Front toes point in by 25 degrees
Toes of the rear foot point in by 15 degrees
Front knee is bent and front sole is slightly on the ground with heel about 2.5cm off ground
Bend the rear leg until the knee comes over the toes
The rear leg is the primary leg.
Vertical Stance-Soo Jik Sogi
- The stance has the heel of the rear foot slightly beyond the heel of the front foot and therefore has no width
- It is one 1 shoulder width long, measured from the big toes of the rear foot to the big toe of the front foot
- The weight is distributed 60% on the rear foot and 40% on the front foot.
- Both feet are turned inwards by 15 degrees Both legs are straight.
- This stance determined by the rear foot, and is always performed half facing.
X’ Stance-(Gyocha Sogi)
It has two significant variations, both of which cross the feet over in some way. Variation one is used for landing distance or height jumps, such as in patterns Yul-gok and Toi-gye. Though variation two is used for stepping sideways in a defensive position, such as in pattern Po-eun.
The forward foot points outwards from the forward line, and the back foot is behind it on the ball of the foot. Both knees are bent and the back knee leans into the front knee. The weight distribution is mostly on the forward leg. In jumping, the forward leg of this stance is the leg that moves first.