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Terminology Applicable to 3rd Kup Red Tag.


Pattern Toi Gye.

Toi Gye (37 movements): Toi Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confuscianism. The 37 movements of the pattern represent his birthplace on the 37° latitude, and the diagram represents “Scholar.”

Attacking movements

Dwijibun Sonkut Tulgi

Upset fingertip thrust

Moorup Ap Chagi

Knee front kick

Naeryo Chagi

Downward kick

Opun Sonkut Tulgi

Flat fingertip thrust

Defensive Movements

Doo Palmok Miro Makgi

Double forearm pushing block

Kyocha Joomuk Noolo Makgi

X-fist pressing block

Najunde Sonkal Daebi Makgi

Low knifehand guarding block

San Makgi

W-shape block

General Information

  • Saju Tulgi – Four-directional thrust. This is not a pattern, but this exercise is practised by the 3rd kup holder and above.
  • When performing San Makgi (W-shape block) you must look toward the direction you are travelling, e.g., when moving the left foot, look left.
  • The student should by now have a wide-ranging knowledge of the vital spots and be able to name most in terminology.

Red belt signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.