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Terminology Applicable to 9th Kup


What is a pattern? A pattern is a series of attacking and defensive movements designed to combat one or more imaginary opponents.

Chon-Ji (19 movements): Means literally, “The heaven, the earth.” In the Orient it is interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore it is the initial pattern performed by the beginner. The pattern consists of two similar parts – one to represent the heaven, the other, the earth.


Niunja Sogi


General Terms

An Makgi

Inside Block

Annuro Makgi

Inward Block

Bakat Makgi

Outside Block

Bakurro Makgi

Outward Block











Body Parts

Ap Kumchi

Front sole



Attacking movements

Ap Cha Busigi

Front snap kick

Doo Jirugi

Double punch

Yop Cha Jirugi

Side piercing kick

Defensive Movements

Chookyo Makgi

Rising block

Najunde Bakat Palmok Makgi

Low outer forearm block


Sambo Matsoki

Three-step sparring

General Information

  • When in L-stance (Niunja Sogi), the weight must be distributed 70% on the rear foot and 30% on the front foot. Toes should be 10-15 degrees from centre.
  • Front sole (Ap Kumchi) is used for front kick and turning kick.
  • Footsword (Balkal) is used for side piercing kick and back piercing kick.
  • The last two movements of Chon-Ji are obverse punch (Barro Jirugi).
  • The two blocks used in Chon-Ji are outer forearm low block (Najunde Bakat Palmok Makgi) and middle inner forearm block (Kaunde An Palmok Makgi).
  • The two stances in Chon-Ji are walking stance (Gunnon sogi) for low block and L-stance (Niunja Sogi) for middle block.
  • There are 24 patterns in Taekwon-Do which symbolises 24 hours, or one day, or all of General Choi’s life which he has dedicated to the art.
  • Inside block (An makgi) is ANY block to the inside of your opponent’s attacking tool.
  • Inwards block (Annuro makgi) is ANY block travelling inwards across your own body.
  • Outside block (Bakat makgi) is ANY block to the outside of your opponent’s attacking tool.
  • Outward block (Bakurro makgi) is ANY block travelling outwards across your own body.

Yellow belt signifies the earth, from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Taekwon-Do foundation is laid.